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Dynamic Microphones: Exploring Models, Features and Applications


Micrófono SM 58 de Shure

In the exciting world of audio, where capturing sounds is an art form, microphones play a vital role. Among the range of options available, dynamic microphones stand out as a versatile and reliable option for a variety of applications, from recording studios to live performances. In this detailed article, we will explore dynamic microphones in depth, analyzing their features, benefits, applications, and some notable models. Plus, we'll break down how they differ from other types of microphones and how to choose the right one for your specific needs.


What are Dynamic Microphones?

Capsula de micrófono SM58 dinámico

Dynamic microphones are an essential piece of live audio and recording equipment. Unlike their condenser counterparts, dynamic microphones work using a moving diaphragm connected to a coil in a magnetic field. When sound waves impact the diaphragm, it moves within the magnetic field and generates an electrical current that produces the audio signal. One of the most notable features of dynamic microphones is their robustness and durability, making them ideal for applications where the equipment may be exposed to adverse conditions or heavy use.


Versatile Applications

Dynamic microphones are widely used due to their versatility in different contexts. They are a popular choice in the musical field, where they are used to capture instruments, amplifiers and vocals in a variety of genres. On stage, dynamic microphones like the Shure SM58 have become a standard for live performances, thanks to their ability to handle high sound pressure levels and their resistance to unwanted feedback. Additionally, these microphones are ideal for studio recordings, especially when looking for solid, reliable sound capture.


Diagrama de un micrófono dinámico y sus partes principales

Differences between Dynamic and Condenser Microphones

An important distinction in the world of microphones is the difference between dynamic and condenser microphones. While dynamic microphones are characterized by their rugged design and ability to handle high sound pressure levels, condenser microphones use a thin diaphragm capsule and electrically charged backplate to capture more subtle details and nuances in sound. Condenser microphones are popular in recording studios due to their wide frequency response and high sensitivity, making them ideal for recording vocals and other delicate instruments.


Featured Models of Dynamic Microphones

1. Shure SM58: This iconic dynamic microphone is a reliable choice for live performances. Featuring a cardioid polar pattern that minimizes background noise, the SM58 is known for its frequency response focused on vocal presence, delivering a warm, detailed sound.


2. Shure SM57: Another industry favorite, the SM57 is ideal for recording instruments, such as guitars and drums, as well as Latin percussion. Its frequency response and rugged construction make it a versatile choice for live and studio applications.


3. AKG D5: With a supercardioid polar pattern that offers greater noise rejection, the AKG D5 is perfect for vocal recording. Its robust construction and balanced frequency response make it an option to consider as a live or studio vocal microphone.


4. Sennheiser E835: This dynamic microphone stands out for its balanced and clear frequency response. It's a solid choice for both vocals and instruments, and its durability makes it suitable for live applications.


5. Electro-Voice RE320: With a wide and balanced frequency response, the RE320 is versatile and delivers a warm, detailed sound. Its rugged construction and ability to handle high sound pressure levels make it ideal for studio recordings, although its size would make it uncomfortable for live sound applications.


Micrófono vocal Electrovoice

**Conclusion**

In the world of audio, dynamic microphones are true workhorses. Their durability, versatility, and ability to capture reliable sound make them a popular choice in recording studios, stages, and other contexts. Although they may not offer the same sensitivity as condenser microphones, their endurance and solid frequency response make them indispensable for any sound professional. When choosing a dynamic microphone, consider your specific needs and look for models from well-known brands that offer quality and performance. With the right microphone in hand, you'll be ready to explore a world of sonic possibilities and create exceptional recordings.


Finally you must understand that a dynamic microphone is not a lower quality microphone than a condenser one. It is a different transducer with great advantages such as those mentioned above. Try to have at least one of very good quality in your collection.

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